Why is a need to create an Arab Network of CSOs to Safeguard Cultural Heritage?

The Network of CSOs

Cultural heritage

Cultural heritage, in all its forms, is considered a source of pride for all nations for the values ​​it carries. It is a sign of authenticity and originality and is an important element for shaping the national identity as a link between the past and the present. It is also considered an essential factor in developing the economy as it is one of the important resources around which the tourism industry is based, and the most important resource of society through the development process, which has become an integral part of it in any society.
Since the end of the twentieth century, great attention has been paid to studying the concept of civil society in heritage management. There has been a lot of research that focused on the participation of civil society in the management of cultural heritage and the role that links it with national heritage bodies and institutions. This research has confirmed that the participation of civil society in the management of cultural heritage is essential and that the integration of civil society with heritage management is considered the best tool for heritage protection. All studies confirm that it is important to give civil society the ability to participate in all matters relating to the management of cultural heritage. Cultural heritage is an effective tool in fostering a sense of pride and belonging and sharing it with the local community is as important as preserving it. Civil society’s participation, through local communities in managing cultural heritage, is an essential component of human rights in the society. It is impossible to separate people’s cultural heritage from the people themselves and their rights. Civil society is always able to carry out activities independently of government influence and can bridge many gaps in the work that government agencies cannot undertake, where its role is complementary to the work of government institutions, but clearly irreplaceable.
The MENA region has suffered from many conflicts and disputes, which have had catastrophic consequences for the population. This has led to an unprecedented instability in the regions that contain historic sites of global importance. These conflicts have led to massive damage to the heritage of these countries, a loss of cultural heritage and relics of historical value to all human kind. In addition, these damages caused an economic catastrophe for thousands of families who relied on heritage for their livelihood.

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Moreover, in the past years, the destruction of cultural heritage has been used by extremist movements as a weapon in their struggle with the West.The threat to cultural heritage has given rise to a completely new phenomenon in the societies of the countries of the Middle East and North Africa: it has raised awareness on the cultural and economic value of heritage. This resulted in the emergence of several civil society organizations that have taken the form of NGOs or institutions dedicated to promoting cultural heritage protection and spreading the values ​​it represents. This phenomenon is particularly noteworthy in countries where heritage has suffered from destruction and damage, such as Syria, Egypt, Iraq, Yemen, and Libya. The international community has responded swiftly by condemning the damage to heritage, but its practical response has been limited. International assistance was channelled through UNESCO and its cooperation with the authorities responsible for heritage management. However, civil society and local communities were left out of this process, which could have played an essential role in preserving and rebuilding the damaged cultural heritage.

Civil society participation in the management and preservation of cultural heritage is always present in the international conventions organized by UNESCO. Among the most important agreements in this field are the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2003) and the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005). These agreements emphasize the importance of civil society in the protection of cultural heritage, as organizations that play an important role in connecting societies to each other, by preserving and enhancing their tangible and intangible cultural heritage, though public programs that build bridges between local communities and their cultural heritage.

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However, in the majority of Arab countries, the management of cultural heritage remains under the control of state institutions, heritage professionals and academics and it always lacks the participation of local communities. Civil society organizations do not participate enough and its legitimate role remains limited. Hence, the importance of empowering the role of civil society organizations in managing and protecting heritage, by doubling the efforts in spreading awareness of the value of heritage and educational efforts to form a social base from various spectra and social classes that embraces the idea of ​​caring for heritage and antiquities. It is very urgent to make a qualitative shift in the way people view heritage by highlighting its historical value and emphasizing the contributions of their ancestors in establishing and protecting it, and not to consider it merely a luxury with no value or benefits.

List of Civil Society Organizations

Organizations from Syria

Organizations from Lybia

Organizations from Iraq

Organizations from Yemen

Civil Society Organizations from Syria

The Syrian Center for Cultural Heritage Protection

By 2012, the Directorate-General of Antiquities & Museums (DGAM) was unable to intervene in many archaeological sites, especially in Idleb, southern and western parts of Aleppo, and the northern part of Hama. Many DGAM employees in those areas were no longer under the remit of the Syrian government and this urgent need to act during the conflict was the main reason for creating the Syrian Center for Cultural Heritage Protection. A group of volunteers comprising former employees of the DGAM founded the center as an alternative institution. The actions taken by the Syrian Center for Cultural Heritage during the conflict include documenting smuggled antiquities, documentation of damaged and destroyed sites, awareness-raising actions in the local communities and first aid and emergency measures at different sites.

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The Centre’s biggest project is the documentation and protection of the museum of Ma‘arat al-Nu‘man, which has been under constant threat since 2011. In June 2015, after getting struck by two barrel-bombs, the Center undertook first aid measures for the building within the museum complex, removing and safely storing archaeological materials, documenting the damage to the museum building and the artefacts, and preparing a catalogue of damaged artefacts.

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For six years, the Centre has monitored and documented damage at the Dead Cities, Ebla, the Mosque of Prophet Yusuf, Tell Hazarnin - Tell Ma'ara Herma - Tell Teramla, Tell Al Qadim, Tell Al Qulayah, Tell Safwan, Tell Talpas, Tell al Nar, Tell Hayish - Tell Jafar, Tel Tal, Tell Al-Harjan, and archaeological sites in Jabal Barish. In addition, the members of the Center carried out several awareness-raising campaigns addressing local communities.

The Center works independently, without any political affiliation to any group, and has been cooperating with several international heritage organizations. Heritage for Peace has supported them through training programs in Damage Assessment (Heritage For Peace, 2014), and the on-going development of the SHELTr training program in 2018 (Gerda Henkel Stiftung 2016). The Center also received support from the SHOSI Initiative (Safeguarding the Heritage of Syria and Iraq), which is a consortium of several institutions and local Syrians, activists, archaeologists, and museum staff - (including some members of the Antiquities Center in Free Idlib). It organized an emergency workshop providing the participants with basic supplies for packing and securing museum collections. In May, the museum was hit in an airstrike, but the protection measures they implemented protected them. The project’s in-country team conducted a systematic looting documentation and applied emergency protection to most endangered structures.

The Authority of Culture in Self-Management in North and East Syria (ACNES)

ACNES was established by Kurdish authorities in the autonomous region Rojava, in North and East Syria. Its previous name in 2014 was the Authority of Culture and Protection of Antiquities in al Jazira Canton but later in 2018 changed to the current name The Authority of Culture in Self-Management in North and East Syria (ACNES). Since the start of the conflict in 2011, all 20 missions that were active in the province left the country. The absence of security in the region led to looting, illegal excavation, and vandalism, and some archaeological sites became places of combat between the Islamic State and the Kurdish military groups. The need to act and to protect archaeological sites led to the creation of this Authority as a civil society organization. The team includes fifteen archaeologists, five architects, one Journalist and 20 archaeological sites guards, who are independent from the Syrian Democratic Forces.

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Since its foundation in 2014, the authority played a crucial role in the protection of archaeological heritage. Its activities are focused on the documentation and protection of the archaeological sites in the region and the protection and safe transportation of findings in the excavation centres of past foreign archaeological missions such as Tell Baydar, Tell Laylan, Tell Halaf and Tell Chegar Bazar. ACNES published three reports on the current situation and status of the archaeological sites in 2016, 2017 and 2018, where it documented the violations, bulldozing, illegal excavations and illegal construction in the sites.

The Authority also works to control illicit trafficking and looting. Emergency restoration is also one of the activities that the Authority is carrying out; in 2016, 2017 and 2018 the Authority worked on different emergency restoration projects in different sites such Tell Baydar, Tell Mozan, and the Jabar Castle. In addition, its awareness raising activities include exhibitions, seminars and documentaries, which deal with the importance of the archaeological sites in Aljazeera Canton (ATAP, 2016; ATAP, 2017). In the last two years, it organized several training workshops for students in archaeology, focusing on the documentation and protection of archaeological sites.

Vision Organization

A civil society, non-profit, non-governmental organization founded on 1/7/2017 to support developmental stability and support societal stability in accordance with the values ​​of humanitarian work and work to revive and protect heritage (tangible, intangible and cultural) to preserve it and contribute to the restoration of social stability, which helps revive the societal memory of societies emerging from war and contribute to reviving heritage in the region due to the important role that heritage plays in Social reconstruction, re-feeling of identity and belonging, achieving reconciliation in societies emerging from conflict, community cohesion and peace building.

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The organization works to protect the heritage in the city of Raqqa and preserve it according to international standards, as the heritage plays a civilizational and cultural role in the history of our society, and we are working to raise the level of cultural awareness among the community regarding this role.
This is done through teamwork based on transparency, participation and scientific honesty.


"(YETIM SULTAN HAYIR İŞLERİ DERNEĞİ) is a non-profit and neutral organization whose mission is to support the affected Syrian people by the war such as orphans, poor, and any helpless. The Foundation also seeks to support projects concerned with the Syrian cultural heritage and the preservation of it.

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Here are some of the foundation objectives:
- The foundation aims to help the orphans to create a strong generation scientifically, culturally, morally, and ideologically that contributes to the development of Syria.
- Empowering the capacities of these orphans and helping them to be integrated into the community.
-Trying to reach the Syrian orphans who are in need in Turkey, and the opposition-held areas in northern Syria, to provide financial and incorporeal support
-Establishing projects that support Syrian heritage craftsmen refugees in Turkey.
-To promote the safeguarding and protection of all types of Syrian cultural and natural heritage.

Civil Society Organizations from Iraq

Living Mesopotamia

Living Mesopotamia (LM) is a newly established Iraqi NGO whose goals are to promote and protect Iraq’s historically rich heritage. Rehabilitating Iraq’s severely degraded cultural infrastructure is a key concern of LM’s work.

LM focuses on the sustainable development and cultural continuity of heritage that has bore the brunt of decades of war and conflict. Our activities criss-cross complex and fragmented political and cultural geographies and communities. We work with various cultural groups of different backgrounds to ensure that culture is used for building peace rather than to marginalise and disenfranchise constituencies and whole-group communities.

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We aim to work by facilitating cultural heritage projects that will help restore Iraq’s cultural infrastructure, build professional networks, foster dialogue and develop skills, and protect Iraq’s cultural heritage.
We believe that building a civil society at a local level is essential to rehabilitating Iraq’s national heritage and that ensuring equitable access to cultural resources is integral to the sustainable reconstruction of Iraq.
This urgently requires both a national and international effort and a strengthening of networks that bring about lasting peace and dignified living for the people of Iraq.

Marine Science Center (MSC)/The University of Basrah

Marine Science center (MSC) is a scientific research institution at the University of Basra. In addition to studying the water bodies including the marshes, lakes, rivers, coastal areas, and the Persian/Arabian Gulf, the MSC is also interested in studying the ancient and recent environments and heritage of the Mesopotamian region, in particular, investigations of the environmental and social evolution happening in the heritage of southern marshes. Several works have been done related to the assessment of the environmental and human impacts on the local communities living there, attempting to find useful applicable solutions for a better life with maintaining their own heritage, bringing awareness to these people on the importance of the marsh legacy, and encouraging them to protect their archeological heritage and traditional living patterns specifically after the liberation in 2003 and the conflicts.

Green Spring

It is a non-governmental organization established as a neutral organization to build the capabilities of Iraqi youth. The organization seeks to achieve its goals by developing courses in leadership skills and abilities, holding seminars and conferences on human rights and democracy for all levels of society, orgizing workshops to reject all forms of violence in all areas of life. It also organizes cultural and artistic events and festivals that aim to spread national reconciliation to all components and segments of Iraqi society. The orgaization have coordinated with activist organization to inviolve their employees in training sessions to gain skills and knowledge, within and outside Iraq,
and have partnered with youth organizations and organizations of civil society on regional and international conferences and humanitarian and cultural projects,

Baladna AL Ameen Organization Social Care

The organization is a non- governmental organization that takes care of students and talented people, develops their skills and cares for them. The organization has worked in southern Iraq over the past years to support handicraft owners and has also allocated funds to hold exhibitions to market their products. The organization also obtained a grant from the Global Heritage Fund in coordination with the EAMENA project to assess threats to archaeological sites in Dhi Qar Governorate, southern Iraq. The main objectives of the organization are working to raise the standard of living for the needy of the local community with the help of donor organizations, cooperating for sustainable, human, social and economic development through heritage, giving priority to education as an effective tool for development and supporting and adopting ideas aimed at spreading archaeological and heritage awareness in Iraq.

Archaeological Ziusudra Organization for Protecting Antiquities and Heritage

The Organization is interested in the protecting of cultural heritage and antiquities in Iraq. Since its creation in late 2016, by archaeologists working in the preservation of antiquities and heritage, on the field, or in the Iraqi Museum, and even before getting official representation, it has organized trips to the ancient cities of Mesopotamia for hundreds of people interested in archeology, who care about history and civilization. The trips included lectures to demonstrate the importance of those sites in contributing to increasing cultural awareness in society. It also organized exhibitions of traditional crafts in Baghdad and contributed to sending books to libraries that were burned by ISIS.

Anbar Archeology and Heritage Inspectorate

"The Inspectorate of Antiquities and Heritage of Anbar is a government institution concerned with the protection, excavation, restoration, maintenance and archaeological survey of all archaeological sites in Anbar provinces in the Republic of Iraq. It also supervises the display of its antiquities in two museums located within the geographical area of ​​the governorate, in addition to instituting juridcal claims against persons who have caused any harm.
Some of the objectives of the Inspectorate are to strengthen the protection of all kinds of cultural heritage in the province in times of conflict and times of peace, document the damages to archaeological and heritage sites, museums, buildings and monuments, develop protection plans and rescue excavations for high-risk and endangered sites, hold public seminars for citizens to introduce the importance of cultural heritage and the need to preserve it.
and finally to communicate regularly with local governments,"

Heritage and Antiquities Office of Diwaniyah Province

"Heritage and Antiquities Office of Diwaniyah Province is a governmental that has been established in 1970 and consists of 20 archaeologists, 300 site guards, 30 drivers, 5 administrators, and 4 accountants. The main
duty of the office, in general, is to cover all works related to cultural and archaeological heritage and museums in the Diwaniyah Governorate.It also works to protect all archaeological sites in the region from any threatening actions and to preserve these sites and their maintenance. Excavations, surveys and documentation were conducted by the office in more than 780 archaeological sites in different places in the governorate, and accordingly, many maps, reports and publications were published.
The office works hard to convey the historical and cultural information about the civilization of the country by supporting the archeological heritages and museums."

Dilnewa for Help and Humanity Development

"Dilnewa is a non-governmental, non-political and non-profit social and cultural organization. It was founded
in the heart of economic and ISIS crisis that faced the Kurdistan Region and Iraq in April 2015.The idea arose out of the massive humanitarian crisis in which nearly two million refugees and internally displaced persons were forced to migrate from outside and inside Iraq. It also aims to help the needy in Iraq and all over the world without regard for religious, ethnic or linguistic bias. It works to enhance the capabilities of the individuals to take advantage of the available youth power and try to direct them towards endeavors that are more beneficial by organizing various events and activities.
Dilnewa is working in different sectors with different activities including Education, Health, Social Sector and
Cultural Sector."

Perfect Justice Foundation for Human Rights

"The foundation has several committees for human rights levels. The "" General Committee for Heritage
and Archeological Protection"" is the committee specialized in everything related to heritage, antiquities and protection issues, as a result of the weak security situation in the province (Alnajaf) and all the
country for the last seventeen years. Since its foundation in 2015, the
committee has been working to protect heritage and antiquitiesl on two levels; First, the committee
cooperates with governmental security centers in the province to monitor any suspicious behavior
towards heritage and archeological affairs. Second, it works with civic centers such as universities, institutions and organizations that deal with issues of heritage and antiquities. Therefore, the committee has many contributions in this field."

Nebuchadnezzar Museum Office

"It is clear to everyone that government offices have a heavy duty with regard to issues of heritage and antiquities at all levels, and with the weak security situation in Iraq, the responsibility towards preserving historical sites in the region increases more and more. The Nebuchadnezzar Museum Office is located in the center of the ancient city of Babylon (in Mesopotamia), which is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world; therefore it needs to cover the area with guards and security system. Moreover, tourists must be monitored and escorted to prevent any handling of museum items.
The office's responsibility is to protect all areas and tourists and prevent from all types of
dangers and crises. "

Civil Society Organizations from Libya

World heritage union of five Libyan municipalities (WHU5LM)

This union consists of five Libyan municipalities, which are located close to the administrative borders with World Heritage Sites. They are Al-khums (Leptis Magna) Sabratha, Shahat (Cyrene) Ghadems (Cydamus) and Ghat. According to World Heritage Convention 1972, the state party is under the obligation of its protection and its management plans.

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After the decision of the World Heritage Committee to place the five World Heritage sites of Libya on the List of World Heritage in Danger because of damage caused by the conflict affecting the country and the threat of further damage it poses, five Libyan municipalities signed a document to establish the World Heritage Union in Libya. In fact, this is a response to the repeated demands by the World Heritage Committee and encouraging participation of the local population in the preservation of the heritage.
The foundation’s main goals are the preservation of Libyan World Heritage Sites and adding new sites on the world heritage list and eventually attempt to remove the Libyan world heritage sites from the list of world heritage in danger as soon as possible.

In order to achieve its mission, the foundation has been engaged in communicating with the Libyan government (department of antiquity, department of buildings and department of ancient cities) and also support and submit proposals and studies on these sites through the local authority. To ensure the protection and preservation of the ancient sites, the foundation has been holding symposia and workshops to encourage the local community to raise the cultural awareness about the importance of heritage, while cooperating with the municipal authorities.

Atwar organization for research and social development

"Atwar organization: Seeks to be a point of intellectual and awareness raising tool for
sustainable development based on social justice, democratic empowerment and cultural diversity in the
countries of the middle east and North Africa.
Its mission is to conduct research and surveys measuring opinion trends and follow up with the civil
society movement to build youth capacities, empower women and support their rights.

Balagrey Association for environment and cultural heritage

Balagrey is an association that works in the field of the protection of archaeological heritage.

After some citizens exposed the site of the ancient city of Balagrey to the danger of residential illegal constructions, the association led many demonstrations against the local authorities. As a result of these protests, the authorities agreed on the construction of a concrete fence around the ancient city of Balagrey, which also led to building a concrete wall around the archaeological site of Sirah Batrou, after it was attacked by some locals.

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The institution has been involved in carrying out an awareness campaign called A Friend of Archaeology that includes traveling to archaeological sites, located within the agricultural holdings of citizens, and introducing them to the site. A paper certificate is given as an appreciation to encourage them to become a free guardian of the site; this idea was successful in more than one site.
The Balagrey Association also filed lawsuits with the security and judicial authorities against those who attacked the sites, such as the Artemis-Massa site and the Ain-e-Khariqa Valley and the pottery site of Al-Hennah.
Beyond its advocating activities, the Balagrey Association presented an audible media program on Radio Voice of Libya in Al-Baida, entitled Our Antiquities, in which it presented more than 30 episodes to promote heritage and educate citizens about preserving and protecting cultural heritage. Thanks to this program, some artefacts were brought back, including a large-sized marble statue delivered to the Libyan Antiquities Authority.

Tripolitanian Society

The Tripolitanian Society, formed in 2011, consists of a network of civil society organizations (Tripoli Heritage Foundation, Origin Tripoli Forum, Tripoli National Rally, Communication Group, Tripoli National Conference, Libya Organization, Libya Forum, and Atwar Organization for Research and Development).

The network has collaborated on projects related to the sustainable development goals and is currently working on an environmental project, consisting of conducting a study and creating a waste management plan in Tripoli. The network partners are also working on a study to implement a solution around Tripoli with particular focus on the old city as a step towards its preservation.

Civil Society Organizations from Yemen

Balkis’s Throne for the Development, Tourism and Heritage

This is an institution concerned with human development, tourism, heritage and archaeology. It has been working on preserving historic identities through training and awareness activities and programs. It has been adopting projects that range from restoring ancient monuments and historic houses to documenting the tangible and intangible heritage.

It strives for sustainable development and comprehensive preservation of the national identity, customs and traditions, which are derived from the historical depth of Yemen.

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The institution’s goals are spreading the awareness of the importance of preserving tangible and intangible cultural heritage; contributing to preserving historical cities and adopting projects on restoring historical monuments and homes and building the capacity of youth through training and qualification courses to help reduce unemployment.

The institution has organized and participated in conferences, consultative meetings and workshops, both nationally and internationally. It has been involved in documenting and publishing studies and information related to antiquities, tourism, history and heritage of the Republic of Yemen, in encouraging domestic tourism, through trips and field visits to archaeological sites, to introduce the importance of tourist and archaeological sites and monuments. It has also urged the competent and professional authorities to take care of the archaeological monuments and provide the necessary services.

Balki’s Throne Foundation’s latest projects include: an awareness raising project in the cultural and historical tourism sector to preserve the Yemeni identity; training internally displaced people in handicrafts, artisanal industries and different fields; organizing exhibitions nationally and internationally to market and promote their work; and providing courses on the importance of artefacts and the effects of illicit trafficking and illegal excavations.

Sanid Organization for Relief and Development (SORD)

"Sanid Organization is a non–governmental, non-profit and non-partisan organization that works
independently in the whole country of Yemen. Although it commenced operation as a youth initiative, it was
officially established in 2014 by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour Office . Since its establishment, the organization has implemented a variety of programs in food distribution, improvement of livelihoods, health care and treatment of malnutrition among the children under 5 years of age, pregnant and lactating women and WASH in the most of the Governorates of Yemen."

Tahdeeth Development Foundation

Tahdeeth Development Foundation is a non-governmental, non-profit, developmental organization that seeks, through its programs and activities, to participate in achieving sustainable development and peace building through capacity building and the promotion of rights and freedoms in society. The foundation is a pioneering institution that works on involving the local community in protecting and managing cultural heritage and enhancing the role of dialogue and openness to achieve mutual understanding between peoples and cultures.

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Its mission is to spread awareness on the value of heritage, make educational efforts to form a social base that embraces the idea of caring for heritage and antiquities and to work to consolidate their value in the minds of the various spectra and social classes.

The Foundation has been engaged in several activities, including the implementation of an awareness campaign on the archaeological and historical sites in four governorates, where several heritage sites have been visited and the customs and traditions of the community have been documented and published on social media, to raise awareness of the importance of preserving cultural heritage diversity.

The Foundation has also participated in the organization of the Heritage Festival in the name of First People Games. The festival's goal is to establish events for historic games that were played in Aden before their disappearance. The festival was held in a public square in the old way of Aden.

Center for Studies and Architectural Training

The Center for Architectural Studies and Training was established to play a role in designing and implementing policies, programs and plans for preserving historical cities and protecting cultural heritage. The Center has been carrying out scientific studies and field research, setting up awareness activities on heritage preservation and capacity building training on traditional building maintenance and restoration techniques.
Among the tasks of the Center for Studies and Architectural Training is surveying and documenting all historical sites, monuments, and areas including mosques, schools, squares, spaces, bathhouses, etc.

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In addition, the Centre organizes courses and seminars, hosts cultural exhibitions and events, workshops and lectures, with the aim to spread awareness of the importance of preserving historic cities. The Center’s work also includes documenting intangible heritage through audio and video recordings. Beyond its research and educational work, the Center has been responsible for issuing a quarterly or periodical magazine on historic cities.

Kahramana Heritage Center

The Center works in the preservation of cultural heritage and traditional Yemeni crafts. It is also concerned with raising awareness on the importance of Yemeni cultural heritage by organizing capacity building workshops and training in preserving and renewing heritage.

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The Center’s most recent achievements include: the completion of a documentation book for steam baths in the Old City of Sanaa, which is an architectural, ethnographic and historical documentary study, a media brochure, a map of Yemeni saunas in the Old City of Sanaa and a tourist map in Arabic.

The Center works on reviving traditional professions in Yemen by providing technical, cultural and historical consultations for craftspersons and those interested in the field of developing Yemeni heritage. The Center cooperates with Yemeni craftspersons in the Old City of Sanaa on designing pieces of furniture inspired by Yemeni heritage and by encouraging them to display their designs. In addition, the Center organizes various events and cultural seminars on the importance of cultural heritage and its preservation with the implementation of voluntary artistic workshops for Yemeni youth and plastic artists.

Woman and Child Development Association -Aden.

"The association works on training women, girls and youth on Heritage handicrafts in order to obtain additional income for medium and low-income families. Girls and youth are trained in various activities such as sewing, traditional embroidery, henna drawing, , pottery and the making of Yemeni incents.
In addition to cultural training courses, it raises awareness of the prevention of diseases such as malaria, hepatitis, reproductive health, violence against women, child protection, and training courses on artistic work such as drawing and photography.

Al Hudhud Center for Archaeological Studies

"Al-Hudhud Center is the first specialized cultural center in archaeological studies in Yemen, and is managed
by a number of academics and specialists in the archeology field.
Its goals are to contribute to spreading awareness, introducing Yemen's archaeological, historical and tourist heritage to
the local and international community, the conservation of antiquities and archaeological sites.

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It aims at raising the level of scientific and practical performance for specialists and on forming national teams in cooperation with the relevant authorities, preparing scientific studies to contribute to the development of archaeological work in coordination with
relevant authorities, strengthening the role of civil society and contributing to raising awareness.
The center works on the preparation and production of scientific journals, providing scientific and advisory services to researchers and scholars in the field, contributing to and participating in the development of plans, programs and policies and propose laws and
recommendations required by the competent and relevant authorities.
AL- Hudhud organizes and holds conferences and training courses in archaeology, history and tourism.

Erwaa Foundation for Development and Culture

"The foundation works in the field of cultural heritage protection and community awareness to preserve and study it. It also works in the humanitarian and relief field by focusing on women and children affairs. It objective is to spread the values of
tolerance among the members of society."

YKRB Foundation for Heritage, Culture & Development

YKRB Foundation is interested in Yemeni culture and heritage and works to support culture and heritage in the Republic of Yemen by building capacities and training workers in the field of heritage, and promoting youth participation in preserving heritage and spreading awareness among members of society on the importance of heritage.

Ruaa centre for strategic studies, consultancy and training

Ruaa centre for strategic studies, consultancy and training is a non-profit civic foundation concerned with preparing scientific studies and research in the political, social, economic, cultural and educational fields, in addition to consultancy and training sessions that enhance the skills of the youth and women and working on raising social awareness and responding to emergency issues. The organization works on reaching leadership in the development of human, cultural, moral, economic, political and social fields through interactions in the public and specific spaces. The foundation's mission is to make significant change in the society and respond to emergent phenomenas that affect negatively the society and attempt to deface theYemeni cultural identity.

Centre of Art, Culture & Folklore

"The Center aims at enriching the arts, disseminating heritage, supporting cultural development and preserving
the artistic cultural heritage and employing it in public life.
It works on raising public awareness and the importance of the components of the cultural heritage of the
community and building the skills and abilities in cultural and artistic heritage practices in colleges and schools.
The center also aims at employing the elements of cultural and artistic heritage to provide education and work for young people and to enhance the respect and appreciation for professionals, employing the elements of cultural and artistic heritage to promote human rights and social peace, and the ethics of peaceful coexistence, acceptance of others, and building society and carrying out awareness activities through social media."

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